how to treat this pathology?

Treatment for sleep apnea depends on the severity of the condition and its causes. Effective methods exist for a less impacted daily life.

Several symptoms are indicative of a Sleep Apnea. Snoring, headaches, intense fatigue are among the most common. This pathology is manifested by involuntary cessation of breathing. These breathing pauses usually last 10 to 30 seconds. They can repeat themselves up to a hundred times a night. In severe cases, they occur up to more than 30 times per hour. This reduction or interruption of ventilation during sleep causes a lack of oxygen. The brain reacts and the person wakes up to catch their breath. Sleep apnea usually occurs in people who are overweight, elderly, or who snore heavily.

This syndrome concerns between 5 and 15% of the population, especially overweight men over 40. To define a sleep apnea syndrome, it is considered that more than 10 apneas more than 10 seconds per hour of sleep. The effects on people with this condition can be particularly handicapped daily. This sleep, which is less restorative, leads to a deterioration in the quality of life. In particular, we note a chronic fatigue during the day and irritability. Sleep apnea syndrome leads to changes in heart rate and flare-ups of high blood pressure that can persist outside of sleep.

Determine the cause for better treatment

What are the causes ? In the majority of cases, apneas are due to a relaxation tongue and throat muscles. These are not tonic enough and block the passage of air during breathing. More rarely, apneas are due to poor brain functionwhich stops sending ” the order to breathe to the respiratory muscles. The vast majority of people with sleep apnea don’t know it. Most often, it is the spouse who notices the presence of apnea and snoring. It is advisable to see a doctor If in doubt. The latter can refer you to a center specializing insleep study. In this case, a test called polysomnography can be realized.

the apnea treatment sleep depends on the severity of symptoms and their causes. The night ventilation continuous positive airway pressure is the most common method. During the night, pressurized air is blown in using a mask placed on the nose. This forced ventilation keeps the lanes open breathing. If the cause of the apneas is related to a anatomical defecta surgical intervention may be necessary such as removal of the tonsils or uvula, modification of the anatomy of the pharynx or a nasal surgery.

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